ESTRUCTURAS EN VOZ PASIVA

 

Pasive tense

Structure

Example

Simple present Am/are/is + past participle (pp) English is spoken here
Present progressive Am /are/is being + pp Excuse the mess: the house is being paintend
Simple past Was/were + pp I wasn’t invited, but I went
Past progressive Was/were being + pp I felt I was being watched
Present perfect Have/has been + pp Has Mary been told?
Past perfect Had been + pp I knew I had been forgotten
Will future Will be + pp You wil be told soon
Future perfect Will have been + pp Everything will have been done by Tuesday
Going to future Am/is/are going to be + pp Who is going to be invited?

El sujeto de un verbo en voz pasiva corresponde al objeto de un verbo en voz active

Passive: This house was built in 1486.                   German is spoken in Austria.

                  SUBJECT                                                           SUBJECT

Active: They built this house in 1486.                     Austrians speak German.

                                    OBJECT                                                                          OBJECT

 

En la voz pasiva podemos usar by + sustantivo (noun) si necesitamos decir quién realiza la acción.

 

This house was built in 1486 by Sir John Latton.

 


 

Tomado del libro: “how English works” A grammar practice book. Michael Swan, Catherine Walter.

Este libro lo puedes encontrar en la Mediateca de la Fac. de Arquitectura.

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